About 25% of Croatian citizens smoke tobacco every day, higher than the EU average. Jackson R, Tesfay FH, Godefay H, Gebrehiwot TG. Health Sector Development Programme IV (2010/11 - 2014/15). Family Care International, KEMRI/CDC, ICRW. Bedford J, Gandhi M, Admassu M, Girma A. Yet one child dies every 20 seconds from a disease that could have been prevented by a vaccine. Cookies policy. Google Scholar. The MMR trends observed in 2013 showed that Ethiopia did not achieve the MDG target of reducing MMR to 267 per 100,000LB. Summary of research findings. The present study has strengths due to use of robust methodology and multiple sources of data that enabled us to see the overtime trends of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. By using this website, you agree to our Data were relatively scarce for Ethiopia; when this occurs, GBD uses two additional ap-proaches to estimate causes of death. This reduction may have resulted from the introduction of the Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV/AIDS services since 2001 . This suggests the need to enhance accessibility of emergency obstetric care to women in Ethiopia. This study uses secondary data from GBD 2013 study . [www.afro.who.int/en/ethiopia/country-programmes/topics/4479-maternal-death-surveillance-andresponse.html] In: WHO Regional Office for Africa. Article Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death for people living with HIV. PLoS One. Furthermore, the national HIV prevalence has shown a decline in the general population including pregnant women . The leading causes of death in Croatia are ischemic heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's, and lung cancer. This finding is in accordance with other research results from developing countries and sub-Saharan Africa where haemorrhage is the leading direct cause of maternal death … PLoS One. Under the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative, a CDC resident advisor has been assigned to Ethiopia to support the implementation of malaria … The leading cause of maternal death that contributed more than three quarter of deaths in Ethiopia in 2013 was other direct maternal causes such as complications of anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy (25.7%) followed by complications of abortions (19.6%), maternal haemorrhage (12.2%), hypertensive disorders (10.3%), … 5). Google Scholar. Soc Sci Med. Lancet (London, England). In 2004, the disease has been reported as the first cause of illness and death accounting for However, maternal deaths related to HIV/AIDS attributed for 0.5% maternal deaths. This framework aims to guide African countries on how to implement the Global Technical Strategy for malaria in the Region. Say L, Chou D, Gemmill A, Tunçalp Ö, Moller A-B, Daniels J, Gülmezoglu AM, Temmerman M, Alkema L. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. In GBD 2013 study, the underlying aetiologies assumed for other direct maternal causes were complications of anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy. ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY RATE This chart shows the decline in mortality rate at every age range. Accessed 1 Apr 2016. Addis Ababa; Federal HAPCO; 2001. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2005. 2015;12 Suppl 1:S6. Ethiopia J Glob Health. Prevalence and causes of vision loss in China from 1990 to 2019: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. Globally, it is the second leading cause of death in children < 5 years-old (around 525,000 deaths annually) and leading cause of malnutrition   . While there has been a reduction in the MMR in Ethiopia over the last 23 years, the annual rate of reduction is far lower than targets set. An additional 291 fellows graduated from the FETP frontline track from 25% of Ethiopia’s 1,021 districts, with plans to reach the GHSA target of 80% coverage by the end of 2019. I am glad to join the team discussing on issue of NCD , as it remained the leading cause of death globally around 65% among which cancer is the leading one. The death attributed to HIV infection was higher between 1995 and 2005 but later it significantly declined (Fig. Accessed 1 Apr 2016. 2016;388(10053):1775–812. This pattern was also seen in preceding years. CDC supports Ethiopia’s efforts to reach HIV epidemic control by improving active case-finding, linkage to treatment, viral load testing, and adherence and retention of existing clients on antiretroviral therapy. Malaria is still the leading cause of health problem in the country. Most of the previous studies in Ethiopia were based on a single data sources, or sub-national study, or without identifying the causes of maternal mortality [6,7,8, 10, 38]. Godefay H, Byass P, Kinsman J, Mulugeta A. The finding based on the GBD data was higher than that estimated by WHO  (353 per 100,000LB), and reports in Northern Ethiopia  (266 per 100 000 LB), Southwest Ethiopia (425 per 100,000LB) ; however, it was lower than that reported by the EDHS 2016 report (412 per 100,000) , and a study from Southern Ethiopia  (1667 per 100,000 LB). Berhan Y, Berhan A. Ethiopia is facing a dual burden of increasing NCDs combined with the existing burden of infectious … Maternal health has become one of the major public health concerns for developing countries following the first safe motherhood conference held in Kenya in 1987 . Kassebaum NJ, Lopez AD, Murray CJL, Lozano R. A comparison of maternal mortality estimates from GBD 2013 and WHO. Getachew A, Ricca J, Cantor D, Rawlins B, Rosen H, Tekleberhan A, Bartlett L, Gibson H. Quality of care for prevention and management of common maternal and newborn complications: a study of Ethiopia’s hospitals. In response to delay two, along with other strategies, the Ethiopian government introduced an innovative free ambulance services in providing ambulances in every rural district that can serve the communities on 24–hours, 7–days basis to transfer any woman in labour or experiencing other obstetric difficulties to the appropriate health facility . In this regard, the EDHS 2016 report pointed to high rates of maternal mortality in these specific age categories . Resources need to come from a dot.ORG, or dot.NET website. 4). Matern Child Health J. Secondly, as indicated in the large gaps in the 95% uncertainty intervals, the estimate was made on relatively smaller sample size. This study found that maternal mortality in Ethiopia over the period 1990–2013 was considerably high and remained above the Millennium Development target goal set in 2000. 2014;24(Suppl):15–28. In this regard, the EDHS report between 2000 and 2016, showed that only 5–28% of deliveries occurred in health facilities [10, 38, 40, 48, 49]. Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to the effects of zoonotic diseases, especially anthrax, brucellosis, and rabies. Almost all maternal deaths (99%) occur in developing countries. Over the different time periods since 1990, the highest rate of maternal mortality as measured through MMR occurred in the age group 20 and 39 years. The top five causes of maternal mortality in 2013 were other direct maternal causes such as complications of anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy (25.7%), complications of abortions (19.6%), maternal haemorrhage (12.2%), hypertensive disorders (10.3%), and maternal sepsis and other maternal infections such as influenza, malaria, tuberculosis, and hepatitis (9.6%). The Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2016 reported that 62% of the pregnant women used antenatal care, 28% women delivered with skilled attendance at birth, 17% received postnatal care, and 35% women practiced contraception with variations across regions. : a comparison of household deaths and sibling history approaches. 2009;47(2):95–108. PubMed BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. For instance, the infant and under-five survival is highly correlated with child nutrition and other important child health care practices demanding maternal involvement .
leading cause of death in ethiopia 2021