In 1998, we produced a framework that was widely adopted by development agencies. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. In an analysis of various 24 hour clocks, Gibson-Graham et al. Martínez Quintero / Impact Initiative, 2020. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op- portunities and shows how they relate to one another. WCED 1987a: 2-5 are (source from IDS Disc paper 296), Take back the Economy, Ch: Take Back Work, page 21-22, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brundtland_Commission, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0983-9_5, http://www.humanecologyreview.org/pastissues/her131/knutsson.pdf, "Application of CARE's Livelihoods Approach | Eldis", "DFID's Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sustainable_livelihood&oldid=1000479089, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 08:02. significant tensions had been created in CARE's relatively autonomous and decentralised Country Offices when attempts were made to superimpose a livelihoods approach over existing programmes. In what areas does CARE's livelihood framework converge with DFID's model? Eldis supports free and open access to useful and relevant research on global development challenges. Donate and support livelihood of women from poor and marginalized communities.  The DFID leverages a sustainable livelihoods framework to focus holistically on activities directly related to improving an individual's livelihood. A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, improves CARE's ability to target truly poor and vulnerable households in its programmes, yet builds on households' existing abilities and activities rather than resource needs, is dynamic and ensures that needs addressed in project activities are those which will centrally address households' livelihood security needs, provides a useful link between CARE's emergency relief and development programmes - all households encounter shocks and stresses, how they are able to deal with them determines their level of security, generates coherency in Country Office information systems, and assists Country Offices achieve complementary relationships between projects with the same geographical coverage (including projects and programmes of other partners and government), provides a clear conceptual focus for building partnerships to address poverty alleviation (including with community institutions), is equally applicable in urban and rural settings.  Common adaptations of a sustainable livelihood framework focus on dynamic, human-centered programs aimed at reducing poverty. The Sustainable Livelihoods framework was originally developed by the Government of the United Kingdom’s ... overall through lower health care, social service and law enforcement costs. The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. There may not be much that is new about the livelihoods approach but it does require more holistic and people centred ways of thinking and working, which breaks out of linear, sectoral boundaries and establishes more lateral thinking, process oriented approaches, avoiding the danger of superficial buy in, whereby country programmes adopt a livelihoods focused approach or language which is false, in order to justify and hide their continued rather limited sectoral foci, turning a livelihoods approach into a whole project process framework and not simply an assessment methodology (some country offices soured by expensive assessments which they felt did not tell them anything significantly new and did not help them in developing different types of projects), dangers of searching for generic livelihood indicators and seeking to impose them on all existing projects. , The Department for International Development is the United Kingdom's department dedicated to eradicating extreme poverty and administering foreign aid. CARE India's livelihood programmes builds sustainable ways to promote small businesses and small holder agriculture to provide secure livelihood opportunities, especially for women. "a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the … CARE Bangladesh should undertake a process to explicitly define a rural livelihoods visionthat which will act as a framework and guideline for RLP. The Framework helps us deliver on our promise to create rewarding livelihoods for our people, nourish consumers with nutritious food, provide best-care for all our animals and leave the environment in better shape for the future. Public works programmes that absorb surplus labour (& increase skills) 29. The United Nations Development Programme utilizes a sustainable livelihood approach to development through the evaluation of different types of capital. Consequently, workers such as street vendors remain beholden to extortionate interest rates. It also comments on issues arising from current theories that are relevant to work on livelihood options for disaster risk reduction. There are several organizations incorporating a Sustainable Livelihood approach into their ongoing poverty alleviation efforts; the models by which they adapt the Sustainable Livelihood approach are discussed below. results in poor households and communities being able to show definable improvements in their livelihoods. The Sustainable Livelihood Framework shows how growth in ﬁve asset areas reduces vulnerability* HOW WOMEN BUILD SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS SURVIVAL • Not enough income for basic needs • May or may not be working • Reactive – coping with crisis • No safety net or savings ENHANCING EMPLOYABILITY • Just enough income to meet basic needs For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not.  The UNDP identifies five key types of capital: human, social, natural, physical, and financial. The authors of this document describe the successes of CARE in applying the SL framework at a practical level in their rural and urban programmes as well as highlighting some of the pitfalls and lessons learnt. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood , CARE (Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere) focuses on emergency relief administration and long term development programs. “Take Back Work.” Take Back the Economy: an Ethical Guide for Transforming Our Communities, by J. K. Gibson-Graham et al., University of Minnesota Press, 2013. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. CARE International adapted the livelihoods approach in 1994. The Sustainable Livelihoods framework uses three broad dimensions to understand the experiences of individuals living in poverty: • Assets • Vulnerability Context • Stages of Transition 1. Current debates in India on work, employment and labour markets have paid rather little attention to three important distinctions: between sustainable livelihoods and labour force participation; between autonomously managing non-family enterprises versus participation in decision-making within the confines of famil, I. Lindell, O. Adama / Nordic Africa Institute / Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala, 2020. The access individuals have to these assets determines how the UNDP designs initiatives to directly or indirectly facilitate development. It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. S. Constant, P. Oosterhoff, K. Oo, E. Lay, N. Aung / Institute of Development Studies UK, 2020. ... 1 Sustainable Livelihoods Strategy Framework 24 SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW 1.1 Sustainable livelihoods: Putting people at the centre of development The livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. In particular, it looks at the sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework currently being developed and promoted.  Human-centered, multi-leveled, sustainable, and dynamic initiatives are all incorporated into the DFID's measures. Serrat O. The term Sustainable Livelihood was first proposed in a rural context, and was later amended by the Brundtland Commission. 2. The five asset areas highlight individuals’ existing valuable capabilities in pursuing a sustainable livelihood (Diagram 2). Sustainable Livelihoods is an approach to working with individuals and communities which was developed to capture the many effects of social and economic exclusion on people’s lives, and to learn how they can be supported to move out of poverty towards resilience and livelihoods. Over 20 years ago, I was involved in the intense debate that emerged about ‘sustainable livelihoods’ approaches. Stemming from theory regarding sustainable development, a sustainable livelihood approach incorporates the collective concerns for environmental and economic resources and individual focus. How has the framework been applied at a practical level in CARE projects? The Framework was iteratively developed by assessing existing models (e.g. We knew this all along". See our Privacy statement. Authors Gibson-Graham, Cameron, and Healy highlight the measure of well … The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. At all levels of programmatic decision-making, the HLS framework is CARE's point of departure (see Figure 2). The various lenses embedded within the livelihood framework assist CARE in its analysis of a given situation or geographical area, whether it is working at … This Emerging Evidence Report examines the social norms, and the material and institutional factors that influence the employment of children in various forms of hazardous work in Hlaing Tharyar township, Yangon, Myanmar. Empower Youth for Work (EYW) is a five-year program (2016-2021) run by Oxfam, funded by the IKEA Foundation. communities like CARE Nepal for SAGUN program and ADRA Nepal for PHE initiative. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Whose Voice? Springer, Singapore. It has three elements: Livelihood 2 resources, Livelihood strategies, … The CARE livelihoods framework Shocks and stresses Natural resources Infrastructure Economic, cultural and political environment Assets: Human capital (Livelihood capabilities) Social capital (Claims and access) Economic capital (Stores and resources) Production and income activities Consumption Household activities Processing and exchange activities Security of: •Food  The term Sustainable Livelihood was first proposed in a rural context, and was later amended by the Brundtland Commission. Accessible health care Food/nutrition support programmes.  Holistic interventions prove to be challenging to measure, furthermore, quantitative data on qualitative phenomena (such as well-being) is similarly challenging to record. The Sustainable Livelihoods framework was adapted from a model developed by the UK’s Department for International Development, and adjusted for use in Canada. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach of the UK Department for International Development; the … In: Knowledge Solutions. V. Benson, L.M. The SL approach based on this framework supports poverty eradication by making enhancement of poor people’s livelihoods a central goal of development efforts.
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