[2]:32, A small light shining on the rear axel, the centre of which was painted white, assisted night time convoys. There were between one and six per vehicle, in assorted places. See more ideas about british tank, wwii vehicles, czech tanks. However, 21st Army Group formations wore their signs when they went to France. Certain other marks were however made more visible in front line areas, such as aerial recognition signs to avoid friendly fire. 8TH ARMOURED BRIGADE MARKINGS. There may also be the landing craft number marked on the vehicle, such as "LST 368". . The 7th Armoured Division was sent to exploit the gap and head towards Villers-Bocage in an attempt to outflank the German Panzer-Lehr-Division and force them to withdraw, resulting in the Battle of Villers-Bocage. Below this was worn an 'arm of service' stripe (2 inches (5.1 cm) by 1⁄4 inch (0.64 cm)) showing the relevant corps colour (for example Artillery, red and blue, Service Corps, yellow and blue, RAMC dark cherry, and so on, see right). Reintroduced officially in late 1940 in the Second World War, divisional formation signs were much more prevalent on uniforms and were taken up by many other formations, independent brigades, corps, armies, overseas and home commands, military districts and lines of communication areas. A veteran of the Royal Tank Corps, he had already strongly influenced the shape of the 7th Arm… Military police, Royal Navy-RN, Royal Marines-RM and NAAFI signs were painted on their vehicles and trailers. The same sign was worn by soldiers on their sleeves.[2]:12. In the British Army, ACI 1118 specified that the design for the formation sign should be approved by the general officer commanding the formation and reported to the War Office. ... the Guards Armoured Division, by-passing destroyed M4s Sherman of the division. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. After moving to 4th Armoured Brigade, it took part in the British offensive in late 1940 which re-captured Sidi Barrani and Bardia from the Italians. [52], 3rd Infantry Division Vehicle Sign in France 1940.[54]. It was used in the UK, the Middle East and Italy. The Broad arrow used by the British Board of Ordnance to mark government property dates from the 16th century. [1] (Examples: 23rd Division and 50th (Northumbrian) Division. The information presented here comes from a memorandum from the files of 4th Canadian Armoured Division at the National Archives, dated 10 June 1944. In 1940 the 7th AD adopted the Jerboa a desert rat as the Divisional Sign and became “The Desert Rats”. Discontinued by the regular army after 1918, only a few Territorial divisions continued to wear them before 1939. Thus the nickname was born. South African division signs used the national colours. Price ... Quick View. Motorbikes and motorbike sidecars did not have bridge plates, they fell into category 1. 4TH CORP MARKINGS. This order was obeyed to varying degrees in various theatres of war. The marking on military vehicles to identify the country or unit pre-dates the development of mechanical vehicles. [6], Vehicles that were left-hand drive had CAUTION LEFT HAND DRIVE in 2 inch white letters on the rear. Near side lights to have blue filter. This article supplements the 7th Armoured Division article by providing order of battle information for the division through various periods of the Second World War as the organization of an armoured division was changed by the War Office. 79th Armoured Division. B/3 Indicating 3 Group, Bomber Command. 4th Anti-Aircraft Division. 7th Armoured Division, uniform patch. [57], 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 2nd pattern.[58]. Not supposed to be carried on motorbikes, but sometimes painted on sides of their fuel tank. The words BOMB DISPOSAL or B.D.S. 36th Indian Division was also ordered to move forward from Calcutta. 48th (South Midland) Infantry Division[62], 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division[63]Early War, 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division[63]Second Pattern, 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division[63]Final Design, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division[63], 51st (Highland) Division.Unofficial uniform insignia worn in France 1940. In May 1940 an order (Army Council Instruction (ACI) 41… The circle was for most vehicles on an attached plate, 7½ inches to 9 inches diameter. Guns rarely carried any normal marking on the gun shield. 2nd Infantry Division. [49], Until D-Day these signs were only to be displayed or worn in Britain, if a division went overseas all formation markings had to be removed from vehicles (tactical signs excepted) and uniforms. 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 1st pattern. This would include Army and Corps troops that were lent to sub units on an as needed basis. A white top stripe indicates Corps troops. [5], Tactical signs used on AFVs, HQ Squadron – diamond, A Squadron – triangle, B squadron – square, C squadron – circle and D squadron – solid vertical bar, indicated the squadron within a regiment. [51] A further order of December 1941 (ACI 2587) specified the material of the uniform patch as printed cotton (ordnance issue), this replaced the embroidered felt (or fulled wool) or metal badges used previously. 2nd Armoured Division (Australia)Vehicle sign. Colour photography was not widespread in the Second World War, and accurate reporting of shades and hues has been difficult to obtain. would not have an HQ unit. Softskins normally carried stars on their sides. The roundel comprised a 6in yellow surround, a 10in blue band, a 10in white band, and a 5in red centre. 10th Armoured Division Wide variant. ... 7th Armoured Division. A brigade HQ was the first number, then each battalion within the division, going from senior to junior, having a number increasing by one or more number. 9th Australian Infantry Division[100]Second pattern after Tobruk. 11th (East Africa) Division, second pattern. ... Repainted with the markings it arrived in Australia with, it is now under cover on display at the museum. Not to be placed where the star would be covered by equipment, canvas, fuel cans etc. 9th (Highland) Infantry Division[56]Variant in white metal. Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFVs) sometimes adopted personal names. 1st Australian Division[40]First pattern 1916–1917. individual tank number painted in white inside the tacsign. The use of markings on British military vehicles expanded and became more sophisticated following the mass production and mechanization of armies in World War II. [64], 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division[66], 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division vehicle sign[66], 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division, uniform sign[66], 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division[67]. [37] The 5th Canadian division was broken up for reinforcements before being fully formed and would have had a burgundy–purple colour patch. Cromwell IV. Until 1941 in the middle east vehicles used WD rather than a prefix letter and often had the numbers repeated in Arabic. They were 8-12 inches high, depending on the size of the vehicle, and were usually located on the sides or rear of the turret, or on the sides of the hull. Independent Brigades could be allocated a special formation sign, used by vehicles not within a division. Painted using a stencil, but occasionally hand painted giving rise to variations. AFVs often carried stars on the sides and rear. Some vehicles used a circular disc painted white. The lead vehicle flew a blue flag, the rear vehicle a green flag. All Australian divisions had distinct vehicle markings in addition to the signs worn on the uniform shown below. At rear on each door a white 18 inch circle with red cross.[2]:32. [6], A Jeep, if it had a trailer, would have 3/2. After Jan 1945, mobile units wore a the unit number and a three letter code indicating the type of unit, in a hollow white rectangle, e.g. Within an armoured brigade each regiment used a different colour which indicated their seniority. [72], 7th Armoured Division, third pattern, used in NW Europe.[72]. No tactical signs were used. 2ND INFANTRY DIVISION MARKINGS. Conforming with international recognition, a white square of maximum size for vehicle on roof and both sides with a red cross. Attempts were made to standardise the size, colour and location of marks, with varying degrees of success. In October 1942 the 22nd AB joined the 7th Armoured Division until the end of WWII. The sign is repeated on the offside rear. Light blue was used on airborne vehicles and black on vehicles with desert camouflage. [46] By the start of the Second World War, the British Army prohibited all identifying marks on its Battle Dress uniforms save for drab (black or white on khaki) regimental or corps (branch) slip-on titles, and even these were not to be worn in the field. The official air recognition symbol for RAF vehicles was the roundel, which was normally placed on the sides of the body. Divisional troops and unbrigaded units such as armoured car and armoured recce regiments used white tac signs. Formation signs at the division level were first introduced in the British Army in the First World War. It was also used for training purposes. [2]:32, A number, written in chalk, to mark convoy position, written on front of vehicle. Price £6.00. If the vehicle has no indicators, the words NO SIGNALS was added. From mid 1944 a coloured plastic panel supplemented the star on some vehicles, pink, yellow or white, with a colour of the day chosen randomly. The MK III (above) was built with a standard A10 turret while the MK IV Pre war civilian number plates on military vehicles continued during 1940 in the UK and in the BEF. Service units, postal, provost, ambulance etc. Any discussion of military vehicle colours should be taken with that understanding in mind. Higher formation insignia of the British Army, British military vehicle markings of World War II, corps, armies, overseas and home commands, military districts and lines of communication areas, British deception formations in World War II, 49th (West Riding and Midlands) Armoured Division, "German Chart of British Formation Badges", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Divisional_insignia_of_the_British_Army&oldid=999541089, Divisions of the United Kingdom in World War I, Infantry divisions of the British Army in World War I, Infantry divisions of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations of the British Empire in World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 18:32. 2nd Australian Division (Militia)Vehicle sign. I have tried to include as many as possible with as much information as possible, but I apologise is I have omitted any. [108], Durham and North Riding County Division[109], West Sussex County Division[111]Redesignated as the Essex County Division on 18 February 1941.[112]. 4th Anti-Aircraft Division[104]First pattern. The Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset, England. 1st Australian Division[41]Second pattern 1917–1919. It participated in the Battle of France, the invasion of the Soviet Union, the occupation of Vichy France, and on the Eastern Front until the end of the war. Other marks are used for information, such as weight or maximum speed, to identify friendly vehicles, or to identify the purpose, such as bomb disposal. Tanks and many other AFVs had the marking painted on their hull. County divisions were infantry only formations charged with anti-invasion duties, formed in late 1940 to early 1941 and all disbanded before the end of 1941. Troop B, using names that were often themed, such as flowers, villages, or girls names beginning with B.[2]:29. The 7th Panzer Division is sometimes known by its nickname, Ghost Division. [47] Some infantry battalions in France had even started wearing battle patches in a similar manner to their First World War antecedents. 3rd Infantry Division. the 7th armoured division in action near villers-bocage (part 2) [allocated title] film. George Forty, "British Army Handbook 1939–1945", Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1998, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 19:50. 3RD INFANTRY DIVISION MARKINGS. Gazala battles. some 3-ton trucks including petrol, wireless and command, 7 ton truck, 6 wheeled light recovery trailer, AEC 6-ton lorry, some 6x4 vehicles, Valentine bridgelayer, Diamond T transporter tractor, 1941 (1) A 2in white border around the turret top of, 1941 (2) A yellow fabric triangle to indicate an AFV radio vehicle, 1941/2 A white St Andrews cross on lorries in North Africa. Red for the senior regiment, yellow for the 2nd regiment, blue for the junior regiment, and green for the motorised infantry battalion.[5][2]:27. RAF roundel instead of formation sign on right front and right rear bumper or mudguard. On 16th February 1940, the Mobile Division became the 7th Armoured Division and at about the same time the famous Jerboa Divisional Sign appeared, which all its units adopted. All Anti-Aircraft divisions were disbanded on 1 October 1942, the component units then displayed the Anti-Aircraft Command sign.[102]. 8th Armoured Division. [7], In the 1930s census numbers began with the year.. 37... 38... etc. [38], Australian formation signs used a system whereby the shape of the sign identified the division and the colour-shape combination within the particular unit, with 15 combinations for the infantry alone in each division. 2nd Australian Division (Militia)Uniform patch (HQ)[96], 9th Australian Infantry Division[100]First pattern. 7th Armoured Division, second pattern. [2]:9, From mid 1943, an allied white five-pointed star within a white circle was adopted. The use of divisional signs on uniform was discontinued by the regular army after the First World War, although when reformed in 1920, some territorial divisions continued to wear the signs they had adopted previously. The Division was organized in March 1941, in Yorkshire under Major General Percy Hobart. [2]:30 Canadian army vehicles used the same census number as British vehicles, with the addition of a prefix C.[7]. A complex system of markings were used to indentify vehicles within the division. See more ideas about wwii, world war ii, world war two. On 26 July 1944 - a preliminary markings guideline (dated 29 April 1944) was issued by 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division General Staff. Initially only a few divisions wore the division sign as a badge on clothing, including some which had been wearing one before the order. Quick View. Click here for a list of the locations of the above units in the Spring of 1944 From mid-1943 the Allied star was used on the sides of softskin vehicles and AFVs, but rarely in Europe. 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division[60] Up to late 1941. Was wondering about the 7th Armoured Division marking on the said vehicle at the time it was knocked out by Wittman at Villers Bocage. The tank equipped the armoured reconnaissance regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps, in the 7th Armoured Division, 11th Armoured Division and the Guards Armoured Division. Temporary 5 or 6 digit number chalked or roughly painted prior to shipping overseas. 3rd Armoured Division (Australia)Vehicle sign. Quick View. AFV's painted theirs on the sides, sometimes on glacis in early war. [clarification needed][citation needed]. Each vehicle had to carry a formation sign, normally the formation they are permanently attached to. [37] The Division intended to invade Japan, the 6th Canadian Division (CAPF), used all the division colours and the black of the armoured brigades, volunteers for this division sewed a miniature of this sign on top of whichever formation sign they were wearing at the time.[86]. The armoured vehicles in Italy carried a number of markings including the usual geometric tactical symbols on the tank turret or hull side, a brigade or division unit sign and a arm of service flash. The History of the British 7th Armoured Division "The Desert Rats" This website is dedicated to all those who served in this unit and proudly wore the Jerboa shoulder flash. The 7th Armoured Division had a red jerboa (a nocturnal rodent indigenous to North Africa) as its emblem and became known as "The Desert Rats". So that means RA regiments, not RHA. Army, Corps, Independent Brigade and Divisional marks generally use symbols. The Australian division signs shown below are those for the division headquarters. Using this decal set you can field A or B Squadron from the Senior Regiment (which used the 51 on a red square) with the red squadron markings. [5], All vehicles had a bridge rating, displayed on a yellow circle, with black writing. They were intended (initially) as a security measure to avoid displaying the division's designation in the clear. Vehicles in Europe after D-Day would wear 'TAF' followed by the group number ( 2, 83, 84, 85)[5] Vehicle numbers were RAF – followed by up to six digit number, usually on the front and rear, but sometimes following army practice. The effect of sun, age, precipitation, mud, etc. [85] The Canadians reused the formation signs of the First World War without the brigade and battalion distinguishing marks. The Division was advised that these markings were to be taken into effect immediately, but that 8th Army had not yet approved them. Each Armoured Division contains three Armoured Regiments, each containing three Armoured Squadrons. 7th Armoured Division[72]First pattern and vehicle sign throughout the war. ... 7th Armoured Division 8th Armoured Division 11th Armoured Division 79th Armoured Division 2nd Infantry Division 3rd Infantry Division In late 1941, an 18 inch square patch with three vertical stripes (white, red, white) was added to AFVs in the western desert. World War II British armoured formations vehicles markings. In the United Kingdom, the 7th Armoured Division was re-equipped with Cromwell tanks, the only division to use them as their main battle tank - the others would use M4 Sherman tanks. The 4th Armoured brigade actually worked with the 4th Indian division so that's where any supporting arms would have come from. The use of markings on British military vehicles expanded and became more sophisticated following the mass production and mechanization of armies in World War II. Higher Formation Insignia of the British Army, British armoured fighting vehicles of World War II, U.S. military vehicle markings of World War II, "Late-war British Decal Recognition Guide", "Vehicle markings in 21st Army Group 1944–45", Royal Engineer construction vehicle records, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=British_military_vehicle_markings_of_World_War_II&oldid=990659505, World War II vehicles of the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tracked vehicles (tank and universal carriers), Truck (15cwt and smaller), White scout car, halftrack, 2–7 seat car, including Jeep, 8cwt truck , 15cwt and 1 ton trailer, heavy car, bren carrier, light recce car, light ambulance, Chevrolet 8cwt truck, 3-ton trailer. Quick View. In Poland and western Europe in 1939 and 1940, the German armoured formations demonstrated what some observers felt were dramatically improved new tactics, leaving the Allied forces with a perceived need to address these developments. 11th Australian Infantry Division[101]The shape was worn only by division HQ staff. [2], Battle Patches were distinct signs used at the battalion level as a means of identification on the battlefield, although some continued the scheme to include company and even platoon signs. The short-lived 7th Infantry Division did not have a formation sign and that for the 66th Division was designed but never used. 42nd Armoured Division[74] from late 1941 to late 1943. A famous example is the lorried infantry brigade of 7th Armoured Division late in the war, 131 Infantry Bridgade, made up of 1/5th, 1/6th and 1/7th battalions of the Queen's Regiment. In April 1940, it became clear that the Italians were moving troops upto the frontier wire near Sollum and so at the end of that month the Division Regimental, Battalion and parts of a battalion marks tend to use numbers with symbols. [87] The uniform signs shown below were worn by division headquarters personnel. ... 7th Armoured division - The Desert Rats . 11th Armoured Division. It was during their time in Africa that they adopted their nickname ‘The Desert Rats’. The continued evolution of the Royal Armoured Corpswas the British answer. Price £6.00. [2]:10–22, Only vehicle attached to headquarters of an Army and Corps would carry insignia in place of regimental markings. This practice became more widespread, especially in 1918 but not universal. 10th Armoured Division. Vehicle size and weight were chalked on a square painted black panel with a white edge. Using paint or chalk these unofficial markings were discouraged but existed. The 7th Panzer Division was an armored formation of the German Army in World War II. [2]:33, Maximum permitted speed limited was painted in red on the rear tailboard of softskins. They may also have signs that were twice the size, with a black square over the RASC sign, the unit information of the troop being transported being chalked on the black square. There were no formal instructions before the war, but experiments included: In January 1942, an RAF style roundel was introduced. The 7th Brigade became known as the "Green Rats" or the "Jungle Rats" after it moved to Burma in 1942. The Australians added a grey border to the colour patches used in the First World War for those troops reusing the patch as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force, and introduced new division shapes for the armoured divisions. in 4 inch red letters on the front of vehicle. 5th Indian Division was ordered to counter-attack through the Ngakyedauk Pass and likewise relieve 7th Division. The 21st Army Tank Brigade in North Africa painted the Infantry Division sign (4th) they were supporting, alongside their own. Equipment Used By The 7th Armoured Division . There are practical purposes behind most signs such as; allied identification, bridge weight, gas detection, tactical signs, vehicle War Department number and convoy marks. In the field, the bright yellow sign facing forward was considered too visible so was often toned down, repainted as a yellow hollow circle or discarded. Two or three colour horizontal stripes in a rectangle were sometimes painted next to the number, being specific to a vehicle movement order. The star was normally 8-12in and should be stencilled with a point upwards. E, P and S were introduced later during the war. Discussed in detail from May 1939 the system was summarised in a War Office letter of 12 April 1940[4] updated in 1941, 1942 and 1943. Consisting of relatively simple shapes and colours they were introduced by Kitchener's Army troops in 1915 and could follow a divisional or brigade scheme or be based on the regimental colours or insignia. 7th Division (plus 9 Brigade from 5th Division) was put immediately on to ‘air-supply’ courtesy of the RAF, while 5th Division was to be supplied by sea via the recently-captured port Maungdaw. British tank names, in a non-stencilled style, approximately 3.5" high in scale (just under 1mm actual.) Painted on a horizontal surface of a size suitable for the surface area, standard diameter being 60in, 45in, 36in, 32in, 25in, 20in or 15in. The Modern era is taken to be the end of the Cold War and the implementation of Options for Change. Quick View. The speed 4 inch high above MPH in 2 inch letters, (not put on Bomb disposal vehicles or motorbikes).[2]:33. The same sign was worn by soldiers on their sleeves. The formation signs intended to deceive the Axis forces were either worn by small units in the appropriate theatre (40th and 57th divisions in the Mediterranean) or described to the German intelligence services by turned agents. [1]:ch11 Between 1939 and 1945, some vehicles featured a roundel on the bonnet, front wing, around the windscreen, doors, and on the rear of the vehicle. [50], The signs shown below were used as vehicle signs and worn on uniform (except where noted). Slogans and graffiti were on occasions added, sometimes inspiring – Berlin or Bust, wishful thinking – Home by Christmas, mottos – Death or Glory, poetry, a persons or place name, crude slang, comic etc. [2]:23 The background colour explained the AoS, the number differentiated the AoS HQ and the individual battalions or companies within that AoS. This attack was thwarted by elements of the Panzer Lehr Division and the 101st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion. Major-General Percy Hobart, on a visit to Maaten Bagush, spied a pet jerboa, to which he took a liking. The Royal Artillery had a system of red and blue flashes to indicate sub units,[5][2]:28 with a red square moving clockwise over a blue background to indicate 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th battery.[2]:28. Prior to 1943, there was no formal British identification, however, BEF vehicles carried a white vertical rectangle patch 12 inches by 15 inches on the front of AFVs, on the front left mudguard of softskins and on the sides of carriers. Where the background colour is pale, the number may be coloured. In May 1940 an order (Army Council Instruction (ACI) 419) was issued banning division signs worn on uniforms, even though some were in use on vehicles in France. 6TH ARMOURED DIVISION MARKINGS. ... All Australian divisions had distinct vehicle markings in addition to the signs worn on the uniform shown below. 8th Armoured Division. [83], Commonwealth and Dominion forces were exempt from the order banning formation marks on uniform issued in May 1940. Thus the formation might sometimes informally be known as "The Queen's Brigade" (not to be confused with the modern traditional formation of the same name). 8TH ARMY MARKINGS. From 1943 a 4 digit type number would be painted on the door, or side of the cab. Vehicles and trailers shipped on aircraft had a vertical yellow 6 inch line, ¾ inch wide, showing the centre of gravity, ½ inch wide on motorbikes. A five-pointed star, painted white, was used to identify allied vehicles from 1944. On a horizontal surface a point faced the front of the vehicle, on a glacis a point faced upwards. [48], In September 1940 ACI 419 was replaced with ACI 1118, and division signs were permitted to be worn on uniform below the shoulder title. Motorcycles used half sized numbers on either side of the fuel tank or on plates front and back. They were used on vehicles, sign posts and notice boards and were increasingly, but not universally, worn on uniform as the War progressed. Each division had its own insignia, carried by all vehicles. A jerboa, colloquially known as a desert rat. The following illustrations show the markings of the units in Italy with appropriate notes before each diagram. [2]:29, Each War Department order allocated a sequence of numbers to paint onto the vehicles as they were built and left the factory. Painted on the offside front bumper or nearby, dependent upon the vehicle, so may be on the front of the wing, glacis or with a jeep, below the windscreen. Troop carrying vehicles may use removable plates with the AoS sign as they were regularly moved between divisions. Price £6.00. The subject of vehicle colours is a difficult one to discuss via electronic means due to the variance in monitor settings and a lack of consistency regarding the actual subject matter. The location is normally offside front, sometimes attached to radiators. With reorganization the 5th RTR joined the 22nd Armoured Brigade at El Alamein. Price £6.00. A 15cwt truck with a trailer could have 5/4, 6/4 or 6/5 or 7/5, dependent upon the vehicle load and trailer size and load. The decal in the AFV Club is a bit different to your standard red jerboa (facing right) in a white disc superimposed on a red square. The grey border was added to all of the militia's unit patches in May 1942 causing a little confusion and some resentment. They also wore a code consisting of a letter indicating the Command and a number indicating the group, in white. During World War I the system of identification developed as a result of necessity, formation signs were created before being abandoned after that war ended. The home service division's signs (6th, 7th and 8th) were made using combinations of the service division's colours. Infantry intended for a 6th Australian Division was used instead for reinforcements, those infantry battalions used an upright oval.[39]. British Armoured 7th Division ‘Desert Rats’ Insignia. 2679 MSU. By 1942 the system had changed with blocks of numbers of four to seven digits being issued. British tanks rarely had stars on the front or sides, normally just one on the rear turret. A Diamond T transporter tractor with a trailer with a Sherman should carry 70/18 on its plate.[2]:31. Where the vehicle normally has a trailer, the writing showed two numbers, the upper being the loaded vehicle with the loaded trailer, the lower just the loaded vehicle. In the other hand, 7th Armoured Division would paint them on the turret with no individual number. The use of markings on British military vehicles expanded and became more sophisticated following the mass production and mechanization of armies in World War II. The use of divisional signs on uniform was discontinued by the regular army after the First World War, although when reformed in 1920, some territorial divisions continued to wear the signs they had adopted previously. on military paint schemes should also be taken into account … In the spring of 1942, most UK AFVs were painted with a horizontal rectangular patch 18 inches by 10 inches with the same striping pattern as the desert design. The sign was affixed to the front nearside (left) bumper, or close to it, such as a forward facing wing, and in a prominent position at the rear, also on the nearside. Other marks were used for brigade and division headquarters, machine gun and mortar units.

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