Antonio Lucio Vivaldi [1] (Venecia, 4 de marzo de 1678-Viena, 28 de julio de 1741) [2] fue un compositor, violinista, impresario, profesor y sacerdote católico veneciano del barroco.Era apodado Il prete rosso («El cura rojo») por ser sacerdote y pelirrojo.Su maestría se refleja en haber cimentado el género del concierto, el más importante de su época. Vivaldi’s earliest musical compositions date from his first years at the Pietà. Heller (p. 263) states: "The composer's death is noted in the official coroner's report and in the burial account book of St. Stephen's Cathedral Parish as having occurred on 28 July 1741". In the 1730s Vivaldi’s career gradually declined. A composition by Vivaldi is identified by RV number, which refers to its place in the "Ryom-Verzeichnis" or "Répertoire des oeuvres d'Antonio Vivaldi", a catalog created in the 20th century by the musicologist Peter Ryom. [30] A real breakthrough as a composer came with his first collection of 12 concerti for one, two, and four violins with strings, L'estro armonico (Opus 3), which was published in Amsterdam in 1711 by Estienne Roger,[31] dedicated to Grand Prince Ferdinand of Tuscany. The following year, another serenata, La Sena festeggiante (RV 694), was written for and premiered at the French embassy as well, celebrating the birth of the French royal princesses, Henriette and Louise Élisabeth. [20] There were four similar institutions in Venice; their purpose was to give shelter and education to children who were abandoned or orphaned, or whose families could not support them. He visited Milan again the following year with the oratorio L'adorazione delli tre re magi al bambino Gesù (RV 645, now lost). Though three of the concerti are wholly original, the first, "Spring", borrows motifs from a Sinfonia in the first act of Vivaldi's contemporaneous opera Il Giustino. About forty concertos are for two instruments and strings, and about thirty are for three or more instruments and strings. Based once more in Venice, but frequently traveling elsewhere, he supplied instrumental music to patrons and customers throughout Europe. In the years up to 1719, Roger published three more collections of his concerti (opuses 4, 6, and 7) and one collection of sonatas (Opus 5). 1 in E Major, Op. 3:48 PREVIEW "Spring" Concerto No. [citation needed], Johann Sebastian Bach was deeply influenced by Vivaldi's concertos and arias (recalled in his St John Passion, St Matthew Passion, and cantatas). The Pietà specialized in the musical training of its female wards, and those with musical aptitude were assigned to its excellent choir and orchestra, whose much-praised performances assisted the institution’s quest for donations and legacies. [26] After a year as a freelance musician, he was recalled by the Ospedale with a unanimous vote in 1711; clearly during his year's absence the board had realized the importance of his role. The obscure text under the engraving mentions non-existent places and names: for example, ALDIVIVA is an anagram of "A. Vivaldi". The Vivaldi scholar Michael Talbot described RV 807 as "arguably the best nonoperatic work from Vivaldi's pen to come to light since […] the 1920s". Caricature of Antonio Vivaldi, pen and ink on paper by Pier Leone Ghezzi, 1723; in the Codex Ottoboni, Vatican Library, Rome. The ceremonies … Other works include sinfonias, about 90 sonatas and chamber music. One of his symptoms, strettezza di petto ("tightness of the chest"), has been interpreted as a form of asthma. Part of Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione ("The Contest between Harmony and Invention"), it depicts moods and scenes from each of the four seasons. Il renonça cependant très vite à dire la messe, invoquant des troubles de la respiration, qui étaient sans doute des crises dasthme. Each concerto is associated with a sonnet, possibly by Vivaldi, describing the scenes depicted in the music. He is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. Also in 1716, Vivaldi wrote and produced two more operas, L'incoronazione di Dario (RV 719) and La costanza trionfante degli amori e degli odi (RV 706). [32] Vivaldi got the censor to accept the opera the following year, and it was a resounding success. [23] In 1704, the position of teacher of viola all'inglese was added to his duties as violin instructor. Soon after his ordination as a priest, Vivaldi gave up celebrating mass because of a chronic ailment that is believed to have been bronchial asthma. [53], Vivaldi's music was innovative. The board had to take a vote every year on whether to keep a teacher. The latter was so popular that it performed two years later, re-edited and retitled Artabano re dei Parti (RV 701, now lost). In 1717 or 1718, Vivaldi was offered a prestigious new position as Maestro di Cappella of the court of prince Philip of Hesse-Darmstadt, governor of Mantua, in the northwest of Italy. Antonio Vivaldi, in full Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, (born March 4, 1678, Venice, Republic of Venice [Italy]—died July 28, 1741, Vienna, Austria), Italian composer and violinist who left a decisive mark on the form of the concerto and the style of late Baroque instrumental music. Over the next thirty years he composed most of his major works while working there. It proved most profitable for Vivaldi. [10] Vivaldi had five known siblings: Bonaventura Tomaso Vivaldi, Margarita Gabriela Vivaldi, Cecilia Maria Vivaldi, Francesco Gaetano Vivaldi, and Zanetta Anna Vivaldi. Antonio Lucio Vivaldi was born on March 4, 1678 in Venice, Italy. In the early 20th century, Fritz Kreisler's Concerto in C, in the Style of Vivaldi (which he passed off as an original Vivaldi work) helped revive Vivaldi's reputation. About 350 of these are for solo instrument and strings, of which 230 are for violin, the others being for bassoon, cello, oboe, flute, viola d'amore, recorder, lute, or mandolin. [36] The following year, Vivaldi became the impresario of the Teatro San Angelo in Venice, where his opera Orlando finto pazzo (RV 727) was performed. Compositions by Vivaldi are identified today by RV number, the number assigned by Danish musicologist Peter Ryom in works published mostly in the 1970s, such as the "Ryom-Verzeichnis" or "Répertoire des oeuvres d'Antonio Vivaldi". [7] While Vivaldi is most famous as a composer, he was regarded as an exceptional technical violinist as well. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:08. This cataloging work was led by the Istituto Italiano Antonio Vivaldi, where Gian Francesco Malipiero was both the director and the editor of the published scores (Edizioni G. Ricordi). Though the reasons for the child's immediate baptism are not known for certain, it was done most likely due either to his poor health or to an earthquakethat shook the city that day. [a], The movie Vivaldi, a Prince in Venice [fr] was completed in 2005 as an Italian-French co-production under the direction of Jean-Louis Guillermou [fr]. Vivaldi wrote more than 500 other concertos. In the trauma of the earthquake, Vivaldi’s mother may have dedicated him to the priesthood. Died July 28, 1741, Kärntnertor, Vienna, Austria. Vivaldi, in fact, adamantly denied any romantic relationship with Girò in a letter to his patron Bentivoglio dated 16 November 1737.[42]. They were a revolution in musical conception: in them Vivaldi represented flowing creeks, singing birds (of different species, each specifically characterized), barking dogs, buzzing mosquitoes, crying shepherds, storms, drunken dancers, silent nights, hunting parties from both the hunters' and the prey's point of view, frozen landscapes, ice-skating children, and warming winter fires. Vivaldi’s father, Giovanni Battista Vivaldi, was a violin expert and that he also worked as a barber.

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